Emilio Sacerdoti graduated from Bocconi University in 1969 and obtained a PhD at Yale University. He was formerly an economist at Banca d’Italia, assistant to the Italian Executive Director at the IMF, economist and senior economist at the IMF and finally division chief and advisor in various IMF Departments. Since 1988, Emilio Sacerdoti has been mission chief to numerous African and Middle Eastern countries and, more recently, mission chief to Madagascar, Gabon, Tunisia, and Niger.